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Introduction and Significance

The quality of local governance is directly related to the performance of grassroots level Panchayat functionaries. Therefore there is a great need for improving the quality of training for the Panchayati Raj Functionaries in the country. The National Institute of Rural Development & Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR), Hyderabad is tasked to work out innovative strategies to achieve the task. To lend dynamism, to the national efforts of “Transforming India”, the NIRDPR in association with Ministry of Panchayati Raj (MoPR), has launched a significant project to strengthen PRIs through, ‘Continuous training and e-enablement’.

One of the components of this programme is to test and certify about 100 National Level Master Resource Persons identified by the respective State Institute for Rural Developments (SIRDs). The State Level Master Resource Persons with proficiency in English, Hindi or local languages, with competency in training methodology, and having training experience in Panchayati Raj and Rural Development will be attached to NIRDPR. They will play a key role in implementing need-based and cost-effective training for the Panchayati Raj functionaries.

Programme Overview

The Training of Trainers (ToT) will orient and assess State Master Resource Persons on Training Modules for PR functionaries, followed by assessment and certification. In this regard the following 12 Modules have been designed for certification of the State Level Master Resource Persons :

  • Democracy and Governance
  • Mauris Tincidunt proin dictum
  • Porta odio id semper magna
  • Panchayat Management
  • Financial Management
  • E-Governance
  • Participatory Planning
  • Leadership Development & Management
  • Sectoral Schemes – EconomicSectoral Schemes – Social
  • Gender and Governance
  • Inclusion and Empowerment
  • Governance in 5th Schedule Areas
  • Governance in 6th Schedule Areas

The Certification process focuses on testing and verifying the subject knowledge and training skills. When large numbers of guest speakers are around, it becomes difficult for the training institutions to decide whom to invite. Certifications help the training institutions to choose the right people for the right job. The intent of certification is to inform the public that these State Level Master Resource Persons have demonstrated a particular degree of knowledge and skills. Professional certification establishes credibility and enhances public image.

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There are about 30 lakh elected representatives and about 30 lakh functionaries in 2.5 lakh Gram Panchayats, 6000 intermediate Panchayats, and 550 Zila Panchayats. These functionaries need to be trained on all aspects related to rural development, basic services, and functioning of local governments. As skills and educational levels of elected representatives vary, it is essential to adopt innovative means of capacitating and motivating them.

The qualified resource persons on obtaining certification will be empaneled as National Level Resource Persons, to take up the following Training assignments.

  • Induction/Orientation of Elected Representatives (ERs) within 6 months of their election
  • Intensive/functional area training to ERs in important functional modules
  • Special modules for Women and Tribal ERs
  • Line department functionaries at least once in two years

Programme Outline

The assessment criteria have been designed to allow candidates to show that they have the required knowledge, understanding and skills that qualify them to be certified as a ‘State Level Master Resource Person’. The validity, equity, and fairness will be ensured at each stage of the assessment process.

  • Subject Matter Expertise: Subject knowledge and expertise will be assessed through a written test in 12 thematic areas related to PRIs. The candidates will have option to choose more than one thematic area.
  • Training & Facilitation Skills: The candidates have to facilitate a session on a given topic for about half an hour, where the expert assessors will observe the methodology, language, communication, and documentation and presentation skills.
  • Achievement of Learning Objectives: At the end of the training, the learner should be able to demonstrate understanding or do what was intended in the training objectives
  • Communication Skills : The resource persons must be able to communicate effectively with the individual trainees as well in group. The communication skills including written, oral and documentation.
  • Soft Skills : The soft skills of the candidates will be assessed by a committee through personal interview.
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  • Existing trainers associated with SIRDs/ Partnering Institutions
  • Experienced elected representatives
  • Academicians of various institutions and universities etc
  • NGO functionaries working in Panchayati Raj sector
  • Government functionaries who have flair for training
  • Retired PRI functionaries
  • Private sector volunteers, and YK volunteers
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There are in total 3 broad courses for the programme. Each course consists of 4 modules and each module consists of 4 units. The details are as follows:

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  • Unit 1.1.1: Concept of Democracy and Decentralization
  • Unit 1.1.2: Evolution of PRIs and Salient Features of the 73rd Amendment
  • Unit 1.1.3: Participatory Democracy
  • Unit 1.1.4: Decentralized Governance and Devolution
  • Unit 1.2.1: Power and Functions of Panchayati Raj Institutions
  • Unit 1.2.2: Panchayat Administration
  • Unit 1.2.3: Duties and Responsibilities of Elected Representatives and Officials of PRIs
  • Unit 1.2.4: Statutory Committees of PRIs
  • Unit 1.3.1: Financial Resources of PRIs
  • Unit 1.3.2: Gram Panchayat Budget
  • Unit 1.3.3: Gram Panchayat Accounting
  • Unit 1.3.4: Auditing of Gram Panchayat Accounts
  • Unit 1.4.1: Digital India
  • Unit 1.4.2: E-Governance
  • Unit 1.4.3: Panchayat Enterprise Suit
  • Unit 1.4.4: ICT Applications in Rural Development
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  • Unit 2.1.1:Gram Panchayat Development Plan
  • Unit 2.1.2:District Planning Committee and Integrated District Plan
  • Unit 2.1.3:Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) Techniques
  • Unit 2.1.4:Social Accountability and Community Mobilizationn
  • Unit 2.2.1:Leadership and its Styles
  • Unit 2.2.2:Organisational Behaviour and Human Resource Management
  • Unit 2.2.3:Skills for Effective Leadership
  • Unit 2.2.4:Training and Leadership Development
  • Unit 2.3.1:Sustainable Development Goals
  • Unit 2.3.2:Flagship Schemes and Centrally Sponsored programs
  • Unit 2.3.3:Employment, Livelihood and Skill Development Programmes
  • Unit 2.3.4:Infrastructure Development Programmes
  • Unit 2.4.1:Social Development Programmes
  • Unit 2.4.2:Social Security Schemes
  • Unit 2.4.3:Community Based Disaster Management
  • Unit 2.4.4:Management of Natural Resources
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  • Unit 3.1.1: Women in Local Governance
  • Unit 3.1.2: Social Inclusion and Empowerment of Women: Enabling Legal Provisions
  • Unit 3.1.3: Gender Responsive Planning and Budgeting
  • Unit 3.1.4: Leadership of Women in PRIs
  • Unit 3.2.1: Social Justice and Inclusion
  • Unit 3.2.2: Empowerment of Marginalized Sections
  • Unit 3.2.3: Empowerment of Persons with Disability
  • Unit 3.2.4: Elderly and Children
  • Unit 3.3.1: Salient Features of Panchayats Extension to Scheduled Areas (PESA), Act, 1996
  • Unit 3.3.2: Tribal Self-Governance and Role of Gram Sabha
  • Unit 3.3.3: Governance of Natural Resources in 5th Schedule Areas
  • Unit 3.3.4: Prevention of Tribal Land Alienation
  • Unit 3.4.1: Scheduled VI States in India
  • Unit 3.4.2: Constitutional Provisions for 6th Schedule Areas
  • Unit 3.4.3: Composition, Power and Function of AutonoMemorandum of Understandings District Councils
  • Unit 3.4.4: Power and Functions of Village Councils
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